We always want the best for our family and life is full of uncertainties. There is an ‘IF’ in ‘LIFE’. Hence planning for the contingencies and taking concrete steps to secure our family’s future is of utmost importance. For there is no way to ascertain as to when one might lose the ability to provide for them due to a disability or the sudden loss of life.
Insurance Planning is one of the most important pillars of Financial Planning. This is because Life Insurance is the only tool which can fulfill financial commitments in case of untimely death of the bread earner of the family. Thus having an appropriate life cover is important.
Why Insurance Planning is required?
People today prefer to take loans to fulfill their needs, instead of waiting to save for the future. Hence, in your absence, your family needs to take care of this loan
Nuclear family structure:
Earlier, people could depend on their extended joint family system to take care of their near and dear ones in case of their absence. However, the share of families with more than 5 members has come down from 64% in 1990 to 56% in 2005 and is expected to decrease further.
Increasing lifestyle diseases:
People these days are prone to many diseases as a result of which the longevity of life is also reduced. Thus it gets important to take an appropriate risk cover and give your family a financially secure future.
Loans & Liabilities:
Insurance policy also helps to cover up one's loans and liabilities. The house one buys for our shelter, we would never want to let it go. Thus an insurance policy can help one to cover the loan liabilities.
How much Life Cover should one take?
Calculating how much life insurance you need is one of the most important financial decisions you will ever make. It should never be an isolated decision depending only on how much of a premium you can afford.
Life Insurance needs can be calculated in the following method:
Income Replacement Value (Rule of Thumb)
This is one of the basic methods of insurance calculation and is based on your current annual income.
Insurance needs = annual income * number of years left for retirement.
Let's say your annual income is Rs 5,00,000. And you are 45 years old with 15 more years for retirement.
In this case your insurance cover equals Rs 5,00,000 * 15 = Rs 75,00,000.
Another way in which income replacement works is to multiply the annual income by 10 (also known as Income Replacement Multiplier).
When to start for your Insurance Planning?
Look at the table below:
It shows the premium amounts that an individual at different ages would pay for a risk cover of Rs.1 Crore for 20 years.
There is a difference in the premium amount if you take insurance at later ages. This is because the probability of diseases is larger at high ages and mortality is high.
General Insurance comprises of insurance of property against fire, burglary etc, personal insurance such as Accident and Health Insurance, and liability insurance which covers legal liabilities. There are also other covers such as Errors and Omissions insurance for professionals, credit insurance etc. Non-life insurance companies have products that cover property against Fire and allied perils, flood storm and inundation, earthquake and so on. There are products that cover property against burglary, theft etc. The non-life companies also offer policies covering machinery against breakdown,there are policies that cover the hull of ships and so on.
A Marine Cargo policy covers goods in transit including by sea, air and road. Further, insurance of motor vehicles against damages and theft forms a major chunk of non-life insurance business. Personal insurance covers include policies for Accident, Health etc. Products offering Personal Accident cover are benefit policies. Health insurance covers offered by non-life insurers are mainly hospitalization covers either on reimbursement or cashless basis. Liability insurance covers such as Motor Third Party Liability Insurance, Workmen’s Compensation Policy etc offer cover against legal liabilities that may arise under the respective statutes— Motor Vehicles Act. There are general insurance products that are in the nature of package policies offering a combination of the covers mentioned above. For instance, there are package policies available for householders, shop keepers and also for professionals such as doctors, chartered accountants etc. Apart from offering standard covers, insurers also offer customized or tailor-made ones.
General Insurance Includes:
- Health Insurance: Insure from unexpected medical expenses
- Motor Insurance: Insure your car maintenance
- Home Insurance: Insure your home and valuables
- Travel Insurance: Insure your travel worries
- Personal Accident: Take care of your unforeseen medical expenses
- Group Mediclaim Policy: Group insurance for your employees
- Group Personal Accident: Group insurance for your employees
- Liability insurance: Take care of your claim liabilities
- Marine Insurance: Secure your Marine Transport
- Professional Indemnity: Suitable for Professionals